Lyrically keen and idiomatically diverse alternative rappers who gained critical and commercial success with their debut 3 Feet High and Rising.
At the time of its 1989 release, De La Soul's debut album, 3 Feet High and Rising, was hailed as the future of hip-hop. With its colorful, neo-psychedelic collage of samples and styles, plus the Long Island trio's low-key, clever rhymes and goofy humor, the record sounded like nothing else in hip-hop.
Where most of their contemporaries drew directly from old-school rap, funk, or Public Enemy's dense sonic barrage, De La Soul were gentler and more eclectic, taking in not only funk and soul, but also pop, jazz, reggae, and psychedelia. De La Soul continued the development of their innovative style as trends in rap came and went.
They released albums at a steady clip up until the time of 2004's The Grind Date, but returned in 2016 with the crowdfunded And the Anonymous Nobody as well as the occasional stand-alone track.
De La Soul formed while the trio members ‐‐ Posdnuos (born Kelvin Mercer, August 17, 1969), Trugoy the Dove (born David Jude Jolicoeur, September 21, 1968), and Pasemaster Mase (born Vincent Lamont Mason, Jr., March 27, 1970) ‐‐ were attending high school in the late ‘80s.
The stage names of all of the members derived from in-jokes: Posdnuos was an inversion of Mercer's DJ name, Sound-Sop; Trugoy was an inversion of Jolicoeur's favorite food, yogurt. De La Soul's demo tape, Plug Tunin’, came to the attention of Prince Paul, the leader and producer of the New York rap outfit Stetsasonic. Prince Paul played the tape to several colleagues and helped the trio land a contract with Tommy Boy Records.
Prince Paul produced De La Soul's debut album, 3 Feet High and Rising, which was released in the spring of 1989. Several critics and observers labeled the group as a neo-hippie band because the record praised peace and love as well as proclaiming the dawning of “the D.A.I.S.Y. age” (Da Inner Sound, Y'all). Though the trio were uncomfortable with the hippie label, there was no denying that the humor and eclecticism presented an alternative to the hardcore rap that dominated hip-hop.
De La Soul were quickly perceived as the leaders of a contingent of New York-based alternative rappers that also included A Tribe Called Quest, Queen Latifah, the Jungle Brothers, and Monie Love; all of these artists dubbed themselves the Native Tongues posse.
For a while, it looked as if De La Soul and the Native Tongues posse would eclipse hardcore hip-hop in terms of popularity. “Me, Myself and I” became a Top 40 pop hit in the U.S. (number one R&B), while the album reached number 24 (number one R&B) and went gold. At the end of the year, 3 Feet High and Rising topped many best-of-the-year lists, including the Village Voice's.
With all of the acclaim came some unwanted attention, most notably in the form of a lawsuit by the Turtles. De La Soul had sampled the Turtles’ “You Showed Me” and layered it with a French lesson on a track on 3 Feet High called “Transmitting Live from Mars,” without getting the permission of the ‘60s pop group. The Turtles won the case, and the decision not only had a substantial impact on De La Soul, but on rap in general.
Following the suit, all samples had to be legally cleared before an album could be released. Not only did this have the end result of rap reverting back to instrumentation, thereby altering how the artists worked, it also meant that several albums in the pipeline had to be delayed in order for samples to clear. One of those was De La Soul's second album, De La Soul Is Dead.
When De La Soul Is Dead was finally released in the spring of 1991, it received decidedly mixed reviews, and its darker, more introspective tone didn't attract as big an audience as its lighter predecessor. The album peaked at number 26 pop on the U.S. charts, number 24 R&B, and spawned only one minor hit, the number 22 R&B single “Ring Ring Ring (Ha Ha Hey).” De La Soul worked hard on their third album, finally releasing the record in late 1993.
The result, entitled Buhloone Mindstate, was harder and funkier than either of its predecessors, yet it didn't succumb to gangsta rap. Though it received strong reviews, the album quickly fell off the charts after peaking at number 40, and only “Breakadawn” broke the R&B Top 40.
The same fate greeted the trio's fourth album, Stakes Is High. Released in the summer of 1996, the record was well reviewed, yet it didn't find a large audience and quickly disappeared from the charts.
Four years later, De La Soul initiated what promised to be a three-album series with the release of Art Official Intelligence: Mosaic Thump; though reviews were mixed, it was greeted warmly by record buyers, debuting in the Top Ten. The second title in the series, AOI: Bionix, even featured a video hit with “Baby Phat,” but Tommy Boy and the trio decided to end their relationship soon after.
De La Soul subsequently signed their AOI label to Sanctuary Urban (run by Beyoncé's father, Mathew Knowles) and released The Grind Date in October 2004. Two years later, the group issued Impossible Mission: TV Series, Pt. 1, a collection of new and previously unreleased material.
The band then went on hiatus with only the splinter release De La Soul's Plug 1 & Plug 2 Presents.… First Serve released in 2012. A year later, the group created a free download of all their early albums and packaged the set as You're Welcome, though it wasn't available for long thanks to the legal efforts of their former label, Warner Bros.
A crowdfunding campaign for a new album was launched in 2015, and after successful funding, the LP And the Anonymous Nobody was self-released in August 2016. The nearly sample-free album featured the trio's live band and assorted friends playing live instruments, along with a guest list that included Usher, David Byrne, 2 Chainz, and Damon Albarn, among many others.
Additional non-album tracks cropped up on occasion, including “Rocket Fuel,” the group's 2019 collaboration with DJ Shadow, and “It's Like That,” a song made with R&B vocalist Carl Thomas issued the same year. In 2020, De La Soul released “Remove 45,” a stand-alone track criticizing the Donald Trump presidency as racist and hateful.
- The three formed the group in high school and caught the attention of producer Prince Paul with a demo tape of the song “Plug Tunin’”.
- At the time of the release of 3 Feet High and Rising, sampling laws were very liberal and the now-requisite task of obtaining permission for using famous songs were almost nonexistent. “Transmitting Live from Mars’” sampling of The Turtles “You Showed Me” created history when it resulted in a copyright-infringement lawsuit and a large payment. It was the last time a label allowed samples to go uncleared.
- The trio's second LP, the much harder De La Soul Is Dead, signaled the end of the D.A.I.S.Y. Age with its cover of a broken flowerpot of daisies. The album's title was a reaction to the group being labeled hippies.
- In 2006, De La Soul won the Best Pop Collaboration With Vocals Grammy for their collaboration with Gorillaz on the single “Feel Good Inc.”
BIO: Allmusic.com + Wikipedia.com
PHOTO: JanetteBeckman.com + TheSource.com + Vibe.com + CodeBlack.com + Sonar.es
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