Black Population
2000

Census of 2000, U.S. population: 281,421,906; Black population: 34,658,190 (12.3%).

20th Century Black Religion
2000

Rev. Vashti M. McKenzie becomes the first woman bishop of the African Methodist Zion Church.

African Americans in the Military
2000

Lillian Elaine Fishbourne is the first black woman admiral in the U.S. Navy.

Black Politics
2001

On January 20, Colin Powell becomes Secretary of State.

Major Judicial Decisions
2003

On June 23, The U.S. Supreme Court in Grutter v. Bollinger upholds the University of Michigan Law School's admission policy. However, in the simultaneously heard Gratz v. Bollinger the university is required to change a policy.

Crime and Punishment
2005

On June 21, Edgar Ray Killen is convicted of participating in the Mississippi civil rights worker murders.

Civil Rights
2005

On October 15, The Millions More Movement holds a march in Washington D.C.

Black Women
2005

On October 25, Rosa Parks dies at age 92. Her solitary action spearheaded the Montgomery Bus Boycott in 1955. Her body lies in state in the Capitol Rotunda in Washington, D.C. before interment.

Black Politics
2006

On March 26, Capitol Hill police fail to recognize Cynthia McKinney as a member of Congress.

Crime and Punishment
2007

Alabama state trooper James Bonard Fowler is indicted for the murder of Jimmie Lee Jackson on February 18, 1965.

Major Judicial Decisions
2007

On June 28, parents involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1 decided along with Meredith v. Jefferson County Board of Education prohibits assigning students to public schools solely for the purpose of achieving racial integration and declines to recognize racial balancing as a compelling state interest.

Major Judicial Decisions
2007

On December 10, U.S. Supreme Court rules 7–2 in Kimbrough v. United States that judges may deviate from federal sentencing guidelines for crack cocaine.

Black Politics
2008

On June 3, Barack Obama receives enough delegates by the end of state primaries to be the presumptive Democratic Party of the United States nominee.

Black Politics
2008

On July 12, Cynthia McKinney accepts the Green Party nomination in the Presidential race.

Black Politics
2008

On July 30, United States Congress apologizes for slavery and “Jim Crow”.

Black Politics
2008

On August 28 at the 2008 Democratic National Convention, in a stadium filled with supporters, Barack Obama accepts the Democratic nomination for President of the United States.

Black Politics
2008

On November 4, Barack Obama is elected 44th President of the United States of America, opening his victory speech with, “If there is anyone out there who still doubts that America is a place where all things are possible; who still wonders if the dream of our founders is alive in our time; who still questions the power of our democracy, tonight is your answer.”

Black Politics
2009

On January 20, Barack Obama sworn in as the 44th President of the United States, the first African-American to become president.

Black Politics
2009

On January 30, Former Maryland Lt. Governor Michael Steele becomes the first African-American Chairman of the Republican National Committee.

Black Holidays and Celebrations
2009

The U.S. Postal Service issues a commemorative six-stamp set portraying twelve civil rights pioneers.

Black Politics
2009

On October 6, Judge Keith Bardwell refuses to officiate an interracial marriage in Louisiana.

Black Men
2009

On October 9, Barack Obama is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

Crime and Punishment
2009

On October 28, Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act authorizes federal prosecution of all racially motivated hate crimes.

Black Population
2010

Census of 2010, U.S. population: 299,736,465; Black population: 38,929,319 (12.6%).

Art and Literature
2010

On March 14, Disney officially “coronates” its first African American Disney Princess, Tiana.

Black Politics
2010

On July 19, Shirley Sherrod first is pressured to resign from the U.S. Department of Agriculture and immediately thereafter receives its apology after she is inaccurately accused of being racist towards white Americans.

Crime and Punishment
2010

On August 3, Fair Sentencing Act reducing sentencing disparity between crack and powder cocaine to an 18:1 ratio.

Black Politics
2011

On January 14, Michael Steele, the first African-American Chairman of the RNC lost his bid for re-election.

Black Holidays and Celebrations
2011

On August 22, the Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. opens to the public, and is officially dedicated on October 16.

Racial Violence
2011

On November 19 was the killing of Kenneth Chamberlain, Sr.

Racial Violence
2012

On February 26 was the shooting of Trayvon Martin by George Zimmerman in Sanford, Florida.

Crime and Punishment
2012

On December 1, Journalist A. F. James MacArthur arrested at his house by a SWAT team.

Black Politics
2013

On January 20, Barack Obama is sworn in for his second term as president.

Crime and Punishment
2013

On March 9, New York police officers shoot 16-year-old Kimani Gray, triggering weeks of protests in Brooklyn.

Crime and Punishment
2013

On May 9, Malcolm Shabazz was killed in Mexico.

Crime and Punishment
2013

On May 2, FBI promotes Assata Shakur to list of “most wanted terrorists”.

Crime and Punishment
2013

On June 24, State of Florida v. George Zimmerman begins.

Major Judicial Decisions
2013

On June 25, The U.S. Supreme Court overturns part of the 1965 Voting Rights Act in Shelby County v. Holder.

Crime and Punishment
2013

On July 13, George Zimmerman is acquitted, provoking nationwide protests. The Black Lives Matter movement is created by Alicia Garza, Patrisse Cullors, and Opal Tometi, in response to the ongoing racial profiling of and police brutality against young black men.

Crime and Punishment
2014

On August 9th was the shooting of Michael Brown by Police Officer Darren Wilson in Ferguson, Missouri is followed by demonstrations and protests which include the term “Hands up, don't shoot“. Demonstrations focused on the incident, using the “Hands up” expression, are held across the U.S. and overseas.

Crime and Punishment
2014

On July 17, Eric Garner died in Staten Island, New York City, after a police officer put him in a chokehold for 15 seconds.

Racial Violence
2015

On June 17, nine African Americans are killed in the Charleston Church Shooting at Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in downtown Charleston, S.C.

Major Judicial Decisions
2015

In the U.S. Supreme Court case Texas Dept. of Housing and Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc., 576 U.S. ___ (2015), the Court held that Congress specifically intended to include disparate impact claims in the Fair Housing Act, but that such claims require a plaintiff to prove it is the defendant's policies that cause a disparity. The Fair Housing Act prohibits discrimination based on race.

21st Century Black Religion
2015

On November 1, Michael Bruce Curry becomes the first African-American Presiding Bishop of the The Episcopal Church, having been elected by an overwhelming margin on the first ballot of the 78th General Convention the preceding June.