This is a timeline of the history of Africans and their descendants in what is now the United States, from 1565 to the present.
Census of 2000, U.S. population: 281,421,906; Black population: 34,658,190 (12.3%).
On October 15, The Millions More Movement holds a march in Washington D.C.
On June 28, parents involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1 decided along with Meredith v. Jefferson County Board of Education prohibits assigning students to public schools solely for the purpose of achieving racial integration and declines to recognize racial balancing as a compelling state interest.
On December 10, U.S. Supreme Court rules 7–2 in Kimbrough v. United States that judges may deviate from federal sentencing guidelines for crack cocaine.
On November 4, Barack Obama is elected 44th President of the United States of America, opening his victory speech with, “If there is anyone out there who still doubts that America is a place where all things are possible; who still wonders if the dream of our founders is alive in our time; who still questions the power of our democracy, tonight is your answer.”
The U.S. Postal Service issues a commemorative six-stamp set portraying twelve civil rights pioneers.
On October 6, Judge Keith Bardwell refuses to officiate an interracial marriage in Louisiana.
On October 28, Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act authorizes federal prosecution of all racially motivated hate crimes.
Census of 2010, U.S. population: 299,736,465; Black population: 38,929,319 (12.6%).
On August 3, Fair Sentencing Act reducing sentencing disparity between crack and powder cocaine to an 18:1 ratio.
On November 19 was the killing of Kenneth Chamberlain, Sr.
On December 1, Journalist A. F. James MacArthur arrested at his house by a SWAT team.
On January 20, Barack Obama is sworn in for his second term as president.
On March 9, New York police officers shoot 16-year-old Kimani Gray, triggering weeks of protests in Brooklyn.
On May 9, Malcolm Shabazz was killed in Mexico.
On June 24, State of Florida v. George Zimmerman begins.
On June 25, The U.S. Supreme Court overturns part of the 1965 Voting Rights Act in Shelby County v. Holder.
On August 9th was the shooting of Michael Brown by Police Officer Darren Wilson in Ferguson, Missouri is followed by demonstrations and protests which include the term “Hands up, don't shoot“. Demonstrations focused on the incident, using the “Hands up” expression, are held across the U.S. and overseas.
On July 17, Eric Garner died in Staten Island, New York City, after a police officer put him in a chokehold for 15 seconds.
In the U.S. Supreme Court case Texas Dept. of Housing and Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc., 576 U.S. ___ (2015), the Court held that Congress specifically intended to include disparate impact claims in the Fair Housing Act, but that such claims require a plaintiff to prove it is the defendant's policies that cause a disparity. The Fair Housing Act prohibits discrimination based on race.
Carla Hayden was confirmed as the first female African-American head of the Library of Congress.